Conventional fire alarm system installation

Fire alarm system manual download for studying addressable intelligent alarm contorl panel, fire detection system, fire warning, fire evacuation system.
vedard
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Conventional fire alarm system installation

Unread post by vedard »

The conventional fire alarm system is based on analog electrical system. Conventional fire alarm systems are still used on smaller sites such as small schools, stores, restaurants, and apartments with smaller building sizes and lower budget.
The main difference between conventional fire alarm and addressable fire alarm is the configuration or the connection of the devices with the main control panel.
Each circuit connected with the main panel of conventional fire alarm system is used for monitoring a specified area known as zones. For example, each floor of a multi-storied building can be divided into zones. Each floor has multiple sensors and detectors connected with the main control panel through a single circuit.

There are 2 zones, 4 zones, 8 zones and 16 zones conventional fire alarm control panel. Each zone can equip with 20-25 smoke detector, heat detector, manual call point, gas sensor etc. So total 40 -300 detectors can be equipped for a conventional fire alarm control panel.
The price of a conventional fire alarm control panel is USD100 to USD250.
For addressable fire alarm control panel, it has 1 loop, 2 loop, 4 loop, 6 loops. Each loop has 200 points to equip with 200 fire detection sensors, smoke detector, heat detector, gas sensor and manual call point, siren strobe.
The price of an addressable fire alarm control panel is much higher than conventional fire alarm control panel. A one-loop addressable fire alarm control panel will cost USD800-1000.

So, for small size business store, shop, apartments, conventional fire alarm system is used. Even 2 zones conventional fire alarm is enough for a small business place such as family hotel.

Of course, the conventional fire alarm system is required to be installed by professional engineers. The installation method of conventional fire alarm system is same or similar for products from different manufacturers.
fire Alarm.jpg
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vedard
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Joined: Wed Dec 05, 2018 12:27 am

Extinguish control system wiring

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CM1004 is 4 zones conventional fire alarm system gas extinguish control system. It has releasing detectors zones, peripheral detectors zones, sound zones, and gas release zone.
It can connect with electric valve to control the gas release.
The automatic extinguisher control panel is designed in accordance with European standards EN54-2 and EN54-4 Fire Detection and Fire Alarm systems - Control and Indicating Equipment and EN12094-1 Fixed firefighting systems - Components for gas extinguishing systems
Part 1: Requirements and test methods for electrical automatic control and delay devices.
The control equipment is a combined fire alarm control panel and extinguishing system and has four detection zones, any or all of which are capable of contributing to the extinguishant release decision.
Control panels have an integral, mains powered battery charger and power supply designed in accordance with the requirements of EN54-4.

Technical specification
Table 1 - Electrical specifications
ITEM ELECTRICAL RATING COMMENT
Size 383mm W x 295mm H x 87mm D metal enclosure
Weight 5kg
Mains supply 90 to 270VAC, 50Hz/60Hz
Mains supply fuse 3 Amp ( F3A L250V) Replace only with similar type
Power supply rating 3 Amps total including battery charge 28V +/- 2V
Maximum ripple voltage ≤200 millivolts
Battery type Two 12 Volt sealed lead acid in series. 7Ah maximum
Battery charge voltage 27.6VDC nominal
Battery charge current 0.7A maximum
Current draw in mains fail condition 0.095 Amps With buzzer sounding
Current draw in second stage alarm 0.235Amps Two zones in fire(470 ohm in circuit)
Current draw in post discharge condition 0.310Amps solenoid outputs active
Maximum current draw from batteries 3Amps With main power disconnected
NAC outputs(sounder & bell circuit) 26 to 28V DC Fused at 500mA with electronic fuse 1.2Amp total load over all circuits
Fault relay contact rating 2A /30VDC maximum for each Volt free changeover contact
Fire relay contact rating 2A /30VDC maximum for each Volt free changeover contact
First stage contact rating 2A /30VDC maximum for each Volt free changeover contact
Second stage contact rating 2A /30VDC maximum for each Volt free changeover contact
Extract contact rating 2A /30VDC maximum for each Volt free changeover contact
Zone quiescent current 4mA maximum
Terminal capacity 0.5mm2 to 2.5mm2 solid or stranded wire
Number of detectors per zone ≤30 PCS conventional detectors
Number of sounders per circuit Dependent on type and current consumption
Detection circuit end of line 4K7±5% 1/2 Watt resistor 3K-5.6K 1/2W
Monitored input end of line 4K7±5% 1/2 Watt resistor 3K-5.6K 1/2W
Sounder circuit end of line 10K±5% 1/2 Watt resistor 6.8K-20K 1/2W
Extinguishant output end of line 10K±5% 1/2 Watt resistor 6.8K-20K 1/2W
No. of detection circuits Four 21 to 28V DC
No. of sounder circuits Four 21 to 28V DC
Extinguishant release output 21V to 28V DC. Maximum load 2 Amp
Extinguishant release delay time Adjustable 0 to 75 seconds 5 second steps
SIL, AL, FLT, RST inputs Switched – min resistance 0 ohms, max 1k ohms
Detector alarm threshold 270 ohms to 1K ohms
Call point alarm threshold 150 ohms to 1K ohms
Short circuit threshold 0 ohms to 130 ohms
Status unit/Ancillary board connection Two wire RS485 connection with electronic fuse. Max. of 32 units-RS485 data cable
install WH-116.jpg
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Attachments
CM1004 fire extinguisher diagram.jpg
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CM1004-2.png
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CM1004-3.jpg
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2014-CM1004_R_Manual_Ver4_0.pdf
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Last edited by vedard on Wed Mar 03, 2021 12:21 pm, edited 3 times in total.
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vedard
Posts: 840
Joined: Wed Dec 05, 2018 12:27 am

Conventional fire alarm system wiring

Unread post by vedard »

CK1004 (CK1008, CK1016) is 4 zone to 16 zone FACP (Fire Alarm Control Panel), which uses conventional input devices. The panel accepts water flow devices, two wire smoke detector, 4 wire smoke detectors, pull stations and other normally-open contact devices. Outputs include four notification appliance circuits (NAC, sound 1-4), three standard Foru-A relays (alarm, trouble and supervisory) and an EIA-485 port to interface with remote annunciator and optional remote relay modules. The FACP is field programmable via the panel keypad. It also supervises all wiring, AC voltage and battery level.
Product features:
4, 8, 16 Class B initiating device circuits (IDCs)
All zones accept conventional detectors and any normally open contact device.
Four Class B notification appliance circuits (NACs)
One Form-A Alarm relay
One Form-A Trouble relay
One Form-A Supervisory Relay
3.0 amps of system power
Max 20 conventional detectors in one zone
Auto/Manual mode setting enable walk test
Each zone can be disabled
Sound output can be disabled
Manual active sound output enabled
Able to report short and broken circuit of detection zones
Designed with standby batteries and space provision for two sealed lead-acid batteries
With testing and disable functions.


application of CK1000.JPG
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Attachments
CK1000Datasheet.pdf
(815.28 KiB) Downloaded 595 times
CK1000.JPG
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Last edited by vedard on Wed Mar 03, 2021 12:22 pm, edited 1 time in total.
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vedard
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Joined: Wed Dec 05, 2018 12:27 am

2 zone conventional fire alarm panel

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The 2 zones fire alarm control panel is micro-processor controlled and is available with 2 detection zones. The panel has 1 alarm sound output zone (bell zone), a 24 V supply power on fire, one set of volt free changeover contacts which operate on fault, and two sets of volt free changeover contacts which operate on fire.
In addition to the mandatory controls and indications required by the EN54-2/4 standards, Reset, Test, and Silence Alarm/Fault buttons are provided to allow easy operation to the control panel.
There are Master Panel and Slave panel. The slave panel is used to expand to more zones.
2 zones conventional fire alarm panel is mini type and be mounted on wall. The dimension is 108*143*40 mm and weight is 520 g.
So, 2 zones conventional fire alarm panel is very easy to be used for family hotel, stores, shop or any other small business fire security prevention.
Attachments
CP1002.JPG
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CP-1002.JPG
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CK1002.jpg
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wiring of CK1002.JPG
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vedard
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Joined: Wed Dec 05, 2018 12:27 am

EN54-2&4 microprocessor based conventional fire alarm panel

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Conventional Fire Alarm Control panel) - referred to as multi-line host or multiple wire controller, Multi-wire control panel, etc.
Main features: power supply voltage AC90-270V, output voltage DC24V each circuit connected to 25 devices.
Power backup: need to be equipped with 2 12V/7A lead-acid battery - otherwise it will report power backup error
display: each smoke sensing circuit has the corresponding fault and fire alarm display lights, as well as the main power, standby power, silence (sound and light), silence (host), the total fault, fire alarm, alarm output circuit display lights.
Two wire conventional smoke/heat/smoke heat detectors: conventional detector is universal, can be connected to any conventional fire alarm host. It can also be used with rolling shutter door control box. After the probe alarms, the signal will be feed back to the controller by pulling down the voltage.The door light (Remote LED) is directly connected to the smoke detector base. After the smoke detector alarms, the corresponding door light will be activated.
Conventional Manual Call Point. The working voltage is DC24V. There are Conventional open connection method, Conventional close connection method (insert the key or pull the key to start the alarm), series connection method (the alarm can be started only when all the hand alarms involved in series operate at the same time) and tandem connection method.The hand signal and smoke sensor are connected in the same loop.
Sound and light alarm (Sound and light alarm/ Sound Strobe), working voltage: DC24V, the scene Sound and light alarm, connected to the alarm output circuit, play a role in fire warning and evacuation.A Strobe, a Bell, is similar to sound and light.
Conventional fire detection control panel and indication control panel designed to meet all the requirements of EN54-2&4 microprocessor-based conventional fire alarm control panel one man test.
4, 8 detection zones panel, 25 detectors per zone
2 relay outputs for fire condition
zones fault LEDs indication, zones isolation LEDs indication
Fault relay output, auxiliary output for 28 Volts
RS485 port for repeater to to 1.2KM
Up to 8 repeaters can be connected to one panel.
2 Sound outputs
Switched mode power supply 24V 3A with 2 battery chargers 12V
End of Line status detection, short circuit /open circuit detection
open collector fault output
28V 50mA fused supply output on fire
Switched mode power supply 3A output
Attachments
specification of cp1000.jpg
specification of cp1000.jpg (106.33 KiB) Viewed 6483 times
CP1004-2.jpg
CP1004-2.jpg (88.29 KiB) Viewed 6483 times
CP1004.jpg
CP1004.jpg (89.5 KiB) Viewed 6483 times
CP1008.jpg
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vedard
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Joined: Wed Dec 05, 2018 12:27 am

how to divide fire alarm areas

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